Agra Fort

  • 4.5

    Location: Agra Fort, Rakabganj, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India

    Estimated Visiting Time: 2-3 Hours

     The city of Agra, Agra fort is a historical fort in India. During 1565-1573, it was built for the great ruler Akbar. Until the Mughals occupied it, It was the main residence of the rulers of the Sikarwar clan of Rajputs, and when the capital was shifted from Agra to Delhi, during the Mughal Dynasty, until 1638.

     “Lal-Qila”, “Fort Rouge” or “Qila-i-Akbari” are the other names of Agra fort. Its more famous sister monument, the Taj Mahal, is located at about a distance of 2.5 km northwest of the fort. As the walled city, the fort can be more exactly pictured. The history of Agra Fort prior to Mahmud Ghaznavi’s incursion is unclear, like the rest of Agra.


    The Mughal emperor Shahjahan in memory of his beloved wife,  build The Taj Mahal, which made Agra city world famous. In terms of architectural history, the site is very important. In the fort, five hundred buildings in the beautiful designs of Bengal and Gujarat were built.

    Nearby places are:


    Tourist sightseeing inside the arches of Agra Fort

    However, in the 15th century, it was occupied by Chauhan Rajputs. Soon after, when Sikandar Lodi (A.D. 1487–1517) shifted his capital from

    Delhi and Agra assumed the status of capital And built a few buildings in the pre-existing Fort at Agra. Mughals captured the fort and ruled from it, After the first battle of Panipat (A.D. 1526). Babur stayed in the fort, After the First Battle of Panipat in 1526, in the palace of Ibrahim Lodi. Humayun was crowned in it, In A.D. 1530, During the reign of Akbar (A.D. 1556–1605) the Fort got its present appearance. At Bilgram in 1540, he was defeated by Sher Shah Suri. When Humayun recaptured it, the fort remained with the Suris till 1555. Hemu, who was the general of Adil Shah Suri, recaptured Agra in 1556 and pursued its fleeing governor, in the Battle of Tughlaqabad where he met the Mughals. Akbar made it his capital, realizing the importance of its central situation. In 1558, he arrived in Agra.

    Abul Fazl, who was his historian,  recorded that this was a brick fort known as ‘Badalgarh’. Akbar had it rebuilt with red sandstone from the Barauli area of the Dhaulpur district, in Rajasthan. Because it was in ruined condition. It was built with bricks in the inner core with sandstone on external surfaces and Architects laid the foundation. About 4,000 builders worked on it daily for eight years, completing it in 1573. During the reign of Akbar’s grandson, Shah Jahan, the place gained its current state. In memory of his wife, Shah Jahan built the beautiful Taj Mahal, Mumtaz Mahal. Shah Jahan tended to have buildings made from white marble, unlike his grandfather. For 13 years, the fort was under the Jat rulers of Bharatpur.

    By the Maratha Empire in the early 18th century The fort was invaded and captured. Between the Marathas and their foes, it changed hands many times. Marathas remained out of the region for the next decade, after their catastrophic defeat at the Third Battle of Panipat by Ahmad Shah Abdali in 1761. In 1785, Finally Mahadji Shinde took the fort. In 1803, it was lost by the Marathas to the British during the Second Anglo-Maratha War. The fort was the site of a battle that caused the end of the British East India Company’s rule in India, and by Britain led by a century of direct rule of India.29 November 1871, On 30 November 1871 thirty-six people died when the Cartridge factory exploded, at the scene of the gunpowder explosion at Agra Fort. The grandest of the four gates and a masterpiece of Akbar’s time is the monumental Delhi Gate, which faces the city on the western side of the fort. To enhance security, it was built in about 1568. It is Decorated with intricate inlay work in white marble. An inner gateway called Hathi Pol (“Elephant Gate”) which is a wooden drawbridge was used to cross the moat and reach the gate from the mainland, protected by two life-sized stone elephants with their riders –  added another seam of security. The outer and inner gates make the entrance impregnable, The drawbridge, slight ascent, and 90-degree turn. Attackers employ elephants to crush a fort’s gates, during a blockade. The direct run-up to gather speed, however, that thing is prevented by this layout without a level.

    Inside/Outside Views

    Famous medieval historic fort exterior structure with view of Agra city landscape at sunrise.

    From the outside view, Agra Fort has beautiful scenery. From the outside view of the fort, there is Jahangir’s BathTub which was a gift for Jahangir from his uncle. There are 6 stairs in total in the BathTub, 3 are inside and 3 are outside. Inside view, there is a cultural hall for King, which is called “Rang Mahal” in the fort.

    Jahangir’s bedroom is on the right and the dining room is on the left. And Many other things attract visitors very much.

    Opening Hours

    Agra Fort is open from sunrise to sunset on all days of the week, 6.00 AM – 6.00 PM.

    Entry & Others Fees

    The entry Fee for Indians is INR 35

    Entry Fee for SAARC and BIMSTEC is INR 35

    The entry Fee for Foreigner is INR 550

    Entry Fee for Children Below Age 15 is Free

    How to Reach

    Like the other nearby cities Delhi, Jaipur, and Lucknow, Agra Fort is well-connected by road.

    By Air: The nearest airport to Agra city is the Agra Airport. Which is an airbase for the Indian Air Force and also serves the public. It is also known as Agra Civil or Kheria, the airport is located 5 km away from the city.

    By Train: Mantola is the nearest railway station in Agra Fort. It is about 2 km away from the Agra Fort. You can take a train to the Agra Cantonment, which is the main railway station in Agra and it is about 5 km from the Fort.

    By Bus: The largest bus stand in Agra city is the Idgah Bus Stand which is only 4 km away from the Agra Fort.

    Tips for Travellers

    You should also visit other nearby tourist places like the Taj Mahal, Mehtab Bagh, Itmad-ud-Daulah, and Akbar’s Tomb while visiting the Agra Fort.

    October to March is the best time to visit Agra Fort as this is the time when you can sightsee all the Tourism gems that Agra is known for. Plan to visit

    other famous monuments in Agra.


    Que-01: Is this place safe to visit?

    Ans: yes

    Que-02: Is photography allowed in this place?

    Ans: Yes, you just have to pay an additional fee for the camera. First, you have to reach & take permission from ASI, Agra office.

    We wish you all the best for your journey. Happy Travel!!!

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