Buland Darwaza

  • 3.4

    Location: Near nagar palika building, Dadupura, Agra, Delhi – Mathura Hwy, Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh 283110, India

    Estimated Visiting Time: 1 Hour

    Phone number not available

    In 1575 A.D. Buland Darwaza or the “Door of Victory”, was built, by Mughal emperor Akbar to commemorate his victory over Gujarat At Fatehpur Sikri, It is the main entrance to the Jama Masjid which is 43 km from Agra, India.

    It is the world’s highest gateway and a great example of Mughal architecture. Buland Darwaza’s name comes from the Persian language, and it means mighty gate. The monument stands almost 43 feet tall on a Glorious pedestal and is 54 feet above the ground. in order to reach the gate, one has to climb 42 steps. The main gateway has a famous inscription that reads, “The work is a bridge, just pass by but, never build a house.” It acts as a grand entrance to the city, as the southern guard,  and is known to be one of the highest gateways in the world. The excellence of Mughal architecture of the showcases is the entire build of this gateway.


    In the early 17th century, The Buland Darwaza, or Great Gate was originally built to mark Emperor Akbar’s conquest of Gujarat. By the common Persian-Mughal design, the elaborate stone structures are influenced. A Persian inscription at Buland Darwaza contains the record of Akbar’s conquest of Gujarat in 1601. The Persian inscription on the gate indicates Akbar’s open-mindedness and is often used by historians as an example to show the importance of different traditions and cultures.

    The wide, hard sandstone structure resembles a large tomb with doors all around it. Several visitors come here to see the peaceful scenery and study the beautiful art of the walls. The structure has a symmetrical plan, styled battles, and is topped by pillars and canopies.


    The gate of Jami Masjisd _Buland Darwaza_ at day, with tourists walking around.

    Decorated by white and black marble, The Buland Darwaza is made of red and buff sandstone and is higher from the courtyard of the mosque. In Buland Darwaza, topped by large free-standing kiosks and it is symmetrical, which are the chhatris. It also has stylized buckler battlements, small minor spires, terrace edge gallery kiosks on the roof, and inlay work with white and black marble. In its total height, The structure is about 54 meters from the ground level.

    As the southern entrance of the city of Fatehpur Sikri, it is a 15-story high gateway. There are 42 steps toward the gate. With two smaller triple-story wings on either side, it is semi-octagonal in plan. On its top surrounded by thirteen smaller domed kiosks, it has three kiosks. There are small towers around the gateway. The expanse is broken by an arched niche, small laude, and marble that highlights the courtyard of the Jama Masjid.

    In the center of three projecting sides, the main arch stands and is topped by a dome. The central arch is divided into three levels with small arches and rows of flat brackets. The great gate itself is flat. There are also three horizontal panels of remarkable buff stone at the royal gates. The simple red sandstone spandrels are framed in white marble with white marble flower-like ornaments at the top of the arch, and a flat rosette, centered with slender panels on either side. Cupid ornament, large and bold, but small and delicate when seen from below, it is carried down below the springing of the arch. Eight pieces have been broken off from the right-hand side and two from the left. The arch has three actual openings which are bordered by decorative panels and crowned by a half-dome topped by three other arched openings.

    Above the pavement, the total height of the Gate is 176  ft. A Persian inscription on the archway to the east of Buland Darwaza mentions Akbar’s conquest of Uttar Pradesh and his conquest of Gujarat in 1573. Buland Darwaza Jama Masjid was not part of the original design, it was built by Akbar in 1583 to celebrate the conquest of Gujarat.

    Inside/Outside Views

    Fatehpur Sikri Agra courtyard with view of giant red sandstone gateway known as Buland Darwaza built by Mughal Emperor Akbar.

    At the main entrance, in an Islamic inscription in Persian, “Jesus, son of Mary, says: ‘The world is a bridge, go over it, but do not build a house on it. He who hopes for one day may hope for eternity, but the earth lasts only one hour. Spend it in prayer because the rest is invisible. Jesus was advising his followers not to consider the world as a permanent abode and not to hope for worldly things, because human life is short. Verses of the Qur’an are inscribed in Naskh (script) at the top. These were drawn by Khwaja Hossain Chishti, a disciple of Sheikh Selim Chishti. The expanse is broken by arched niches, a small Lauda, and a marble that highlights the courtyard of the Jame Mosque.

    Opening Hours

    Buland Darwaza is open from Sunrise to sunset, from 6 AM to 6 PM.

    Entry & Others Fees

    • The entrance Fee for the Indians is 10 rupees.
    • The entrance Fee for Foreigners is 750 Rupees.
    • The entrance Fee for the  Citizens of SAARC Countries is 10 Rupees.

    How to Reach

    By Air: The Agra Airport or the Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Airport is the nearest airport to the monument, it is at a distance of about 38 kilometers.

    By Train: The Agra Railway Station is the nearest railway station to the monument, at a distance of about 37 kilometers. Although the nearest railway station is Fatehpur Sikri Railway Station, which is only 800 meters away, is a small station and only a few passenger trains stop there.

    By Bus: Idgah Bus Stand is the nearest bus stand to Buland Darwaza, it is at a distance of about 35 kilometers and the other one is nearby Agra Fort Bus Stand at a distance of about 38 kilometers away from the monument.

    Tips for Travellers

    You should carry a bottle of water.


    Que-01: Is this place safe to visit?

    Ans: yes

    Que-02: Is photography allowed in this place?

    Ans: yes, You can sit on the stairs or pose in front of this colossal doorway to click a photo.

    We wish you all the best for your journey. Happy Travel!!!

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