Indian Museum

  • 4.5

    Location: 27, Jawaharlal Nehru Rd, Park Street, Kolkata

    Estimated Visiting Time: 1 to 2 hours

    The Indian Museum is situated in the state of West Bengal in India. It is located in the center of the city. This is the ninth old museum in the world and the oldest museum in India. This is also the largest museum in India. Here one can find some rare collections of fossils, skeletons, antiques, armor, ornaments, paintings, and mummies. Travelers from all around the world come to visit this museum every year. It is a must-visit place in the city.


    The museum is full of historical and ancient collections. Many sculptures are collected from different schools in India. The museum is divided into many galleries. Where you find different things. In the Egyptian gallery, you can find a 4000-year-old mummy. In the zoological Gallery, different kinds of species of animals are arranged for display. As a history lover, anyone would love this museum.


    Archaeological objects of the Indian Museum

    In the Asia Pacific region, Indian Museum is the earliest and largest multipurpose museum.

    The history of the Indian Museum started in the 18th century when Sir William Jones devoted his life to the service of Indians and founded the Asiatic Society in 1784. Asiatic Society was working to preserve and develop the art and culture pertaining to socio-cultural activities. The members of the Asiatic Society conceived the idea of establishing a museum in 1796. They wanted to preserve nature-created and human-created objects.

    The idea came into form with finding a place to establish a museum building in at the corner of park street granted by the government in 1808. Six years later, Nathaniel Wallich, a Danish botanist wrote a letter to the Asiatic Society where he shared his wish to be an honorary curator of the museum and he also wanted to supply duplicates from his own valuable collections. Then Nathaniel Wallich was appointed as the Honorary Curator and the museum under the guidance of Dr. Nathaniel Wallich was established on 2 February 1814.

    In 1837, James Prinsep, Secretary of the Society wrote to the government to adopt the proposition of the Society for the formation of a National Museum at the cost of the State.

    In 1867, the foundation of the present Indian Museum was laid on the finest site of Chowringhee in front of a small court. From 18114 to 1878 the museum was at the Asiatic Society of Park Street, Kolkata.

    The museum which was known firstly as “Asiatic Society Museum” subsequently came to be known as “Imperial Museum”, and later it became known as “Indian Museum”.

    Inside/Outside Views

    Visitors walks inside a museum gallery as Indian museum re-opens after lockdown amid coronavirus emergency in Kolkata, India, (1)

    The front side of the museum looks beautiful because of the brushes of British architecture and lawns.

    Upon entering from the main gate you will feel greeted by the half-giant figures of yakshas, placed like doorkeepers. The museum has Archaeological, Art, Anthropological, Geological, Industrial, and Zoological sections spreading along three floors. You can collect maps from the ground floor. A large quadrangle surrounding space is placed centrally, around which various sections of collections are arranged on three floors. 

    On the ground floor, you will find the Archaeological section of the Mediaeval Age. Sculptures of different Indian schools (from the beginning of the Christian era to AD 1200 and from java and Cambodia) are arranged in 20 bays.

    On the second floor, in the east verandah, you will find sculptures of the Sunga dynasty (2nd century BC), the Buddhas, and the protean avatars of Vishnu. You also find here a portrait of the first superintendent John Anderson hanging on the wall.

    In the Egyptian Gallery, a 4000 years old mummy is placed in the center. 

    In the zoological Gallery, various collections of different kinds of species of animals are arranged for display.

    There are several galleries of collections. Bharhut Gallery (architectural collections), Bird Gallery, Botanical Garden, Bronze Gallery, Coin Gallery, Decorative Art Gallery (collections of handicrafts are available), Egypt Gallery,  (collections of sculptures), Insect Gallery, L. Archaeological Gallery (collections of sculptural evolution of India), Mammal Gallery, Mask Gallery (opened in 2016), Paintings Gallery, and Textile gallery.

    Opening Hours

    Days Opening Time Closing Time Holidays

    • Saturday 10.00am 8.00pm  
    • Sunday 10.00am 8.00pm  
    • Monday Holiday
    • Tuesday 10.00am 6.00pm  
    • Wednesday 10.00am 6.00pm  
    • Thursday 10.00 am 6.30 pm  
    • Friday 10.00am 6.30pm

    Library Timing: 10.00am to 5.00pm

    Entry & Others Fees

    •  ₹50 for Indian Adults
    • ₹500 for Foreigners
    • ₹20 for kids

    How to Reach

    By air: The nearest airport to this museum is the Kolkata airport which is located at a distance of 15 km from the museum. It has both national and international flights. 

    By train: The nearest railway station to the India museum is the Eden Gardens Railway Station. At the station, you will find local transport. By hiring them you can reach this place easily.

    By road: Kolkata has a very good road connection with the other cities of the country. You can go there by bus. To reach the museum you can also hire a taxi and a cab.

    Tips for Travellers

    • There Is no advance ticket booking system here. Tickets are issued on the spot. 
    • One has to pay an extra fee for a camera and photography is not allowed in all the sections of the museum. You need to be careful about it.
    • Entry is free in special exhibitions.
    • Take water bottles with you.


    Que-01: Is this place safe to visit?

    Ans: Yes.

    Que-02: Is photography allowed in this place?

    Ans: Photography is allowed. But you need to pay.

    For Photography: ₹50 for Smartphone camera

                                            ₹100 for normal camera

    For Videography: ₹2000 for small video camera

                                            ₹5000 for video camera with stand

    Que-03: Is toilet facility available?

    Ans: Yes. It’s available inside the building.

    Que-04: Is there any cafeteria for lunch or snacks?

    Ans: Yes. Cafeteria is open for visitors from 12 PM- 3PM. Lunch is available. It’s located in the backside of the museum.

    We wish you all the best for your journey. Happy Travel!!!

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