The museum has three major galleries. They are- Archaeological Gallery, Ethnological Gallery, and Tribal Art & Crafts Gallery
It displays an immense collection of Palaeolithic to neolithic stone tools, microliths, and bronze to Iron Age artifacts, including potteries and Buddhist antiquities from around the region of Hazaribagh.
The ethnological gallery of the museum is dedicated to Birhors, Santhals, and Oraons with monographs compiled on their Life, Ethnobotany, Folklore, Songs which are available in the museum research archives, and library.
The gallery of local crafts and textile, and an art gallery display over about 200 Khovar and Sohrai paintings of Hazaribagh. The museum is presently housed in a private building that used to be the Tea Garden District labor Association building in the early 20th century with 3 acres of campus with a grove of trees.
The Sanskriti museum and art gallery also have a small library and a research archive. Which also has photographic and visual documentation to back up the exhibits in the museum.